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外墙保温材料的防火对策
华东保温商城 / 2014-10-15
外墙保温材料的防火对策
Exterior wall thermal insulation material of fire prevention countermeasures
一是提高公众对外保温材料认知水平,做到科学预防。从现实情况来看,人们不可能因为部分外保温材料可燃,就全盘否定其在建筑中的使用,其实关键在于如何安全规范地使用。如果规范使用外墙保温材料,加大对外墙保温材料的监管力度,灭火措施齐全,提高安全意识,绝大多数由外墙保温材料引发的火灾是可以预防的。目前,国内新建建筑大量使用有机类外保温材料,如模塑聚苯板、挤塑聚苯板及发泡聚氨酯。它们的保温性能要优于大部分无机材料,是主流的建筑保温材料。但从材料性能上来讲,它们燃点低,是可燃的,如果在建筑上大量包裹这种有一定可燃性的保温材料,必然给建筑留下火灾隐患。因此,有关部门必须加强对此类建筑的消防管理,并提高公众对这些材料的科学认识,做到科学预防。
One is to improve the external thermal insulation material public cognitive level, make scientific prevention. From the reality, it is impossible for combustible part of the external thermal insulation material, will negate its use in the building, but the key is how to use safety codes. If specification to use external wall thermal insulation material, stepping up efforts in supervising the external wall thermal insulation material, fire extinguishing measures is complete, improve safety consciousness, the vast majority of fires caused by exterior wall thermal insulation material can be prevented. At present, the domestic new buildings use organic kind of external thermal insulation material, such as the molding of polystyrene, extruded polystyrene board and foamed polyurethane. The thermal insulation performance is better than most of the inorganic material, is the mainstream of building insulation materials. But in terms of material performance low ignition point, they are flammable, if on building a lot of packages that have certain combustible insulation materials, inevitably leave building fire hazards. Therefore, the relevant departments must strengthen the fire fighting management of such structures, and improve public scientific understanding of these materials, make scientific prevention.
二是严格建筑工地施工现场管理,消除安全隐患。国内一项统计报告指出,涉及到建筑保温材料的火灾约有25%发生在保温材料堆放期间,65%发生在保温材料铺设过程中,不足10%发生在建筑投入使用中。由此可见,建筑墙体保温施工过程是火灾发生的高风险期。监管部门要加强对建筑外墙保温材料生产企业、施工企业和建筑保温材料市场的规范化管理,开展墙体保温系统认证工作,引入许可证、保险等制度,以提高建筑墙体保温的安全性。”在开展消防监督检查时,消防部门要给建筑施工现场管理人员传递火灾防范的意识,还要要求在建工地保证每个工作面都具备消防水源,以备发生火灾时开展自救。只有严格施工现场管理,才能最大限度地消除火灾安全隐患。
Second, strict construction site construction site management, eliminate safety hidden trouble. Domestic a statistical report suggests that involves building insulation fire about 25% occur in the heat preservation material during stacking, 65% have occurred in the process of heat preservation material laying, less than 10% occur in the building in use. Thus, building wall insulation construction process is the high risk of fire. The regulatory authorities should strengthen the building exterior wall thermal insulation materials production enterprises, construction and building insulation materials market standardization management, wall thermal insulation system certification work, introducing the license and insurance system, in order to improve the safety of the building wall insulation. "When the fire fighting supervision and inspection, the fire department for construction site management personnel to deliver the consciousness of fire prevention, guaranteed each working face has also required under construction site fire water supply, in case of fire to save his life. It is only a strict construction site management, to maximally eliminate fire safety hazards.
三是更新完善各类灭火救援器材装备,提升攻坚能力。目前,我国消防装备“长高”的速度远跟不上楼宇“长高”的速度。据统计,近年来我国超高层建筑已达百余座,还有一批在建。结合高层建筑外墙保温材料火灾具有破坏力极大、扑救难度极大、火灾蔓延途径等特点,消防部门可按照政府消防规划和地区经济发展实际情况,有意识地添置涡喷消防车、高喷消防车、云梯消防车,运用高端高装备所提升消防部队的应急救援和攻坚作战能力,从而快速扑灭外墙保温材料火灾,防范群死群伤事故的发生。
Three is perfect all kinds of fire fighting and rescue equipment, improving the capacity of crucial. At present, the "height" of fire-fighting equipment far couldn't keep up with the speed of building "grow". According to statistics, in recent years our country super-tall buildings has amounted to hundreds, and a batch of under construction. Combined with high-rise building external wall thermal insulation material has a devastating fire, are extremely hard fighting, characteristics of fire spreading way, fire fire department in accordance with the government planning and regional economic development actual situation, consciously acquire vortex spray fire engines, high injection engines, ladder truck, use of high-end equipment is ascending high fire army emergency rescue and crucial capabilities, thus rapid fire of exterior wall thermal insulation material, to prevent group die group of injury accidents.
总之,建筑外墙保温材料的广泛使用,使得建筑防火问题既要考虑建筑内部防火,还要考虑建筑外部防火。只有认真汲取国内相关火灾事故教训,认清引发外墙保温材料火灾的根本原因,采取切实有效的措施,城市的消防安全才有基础,人民的生命和财产安全才能得到保障。
In short, the wide use of building external wall thermal insulation material, makes the building fire protection should not only consider building fire prevention, consider building external fire. Only serious draw on lessons learned domestic related fire accident, identify the root cause of exterior wall thermal insulation material fire, take concrete and effective measures, the city's fire safety is the foundation, the people's life and property safety can be guaranteed.
 

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